The structure of history through modes of exchange

See this link which discussed the book by Kojin Karatani. Excerpts with commentary:

There are four types of mode of exchange:

  • mode A, which consists

of the reciprocity of the gift ;

  • mode B, which consists of ruling and protection;
  • mode C, which consists of commodity exchange; and
  • mode D, which transcends the other three. 

Mode of exchange D is not simply the restoration of mode A — it is not, that is, the restoration of community. Mode of exchange D, as the restoration of A in a higher dimension, is in fact only possible with the negation of A.”


It is a return of communal shareholding via the new ‘nomadic’ structure, i.e., via the internet we share and distribute resources in a world community, not just with our local tribe. It’s much like Rifkin describes the collaborative commons new iteration.

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About theurj

Also known as theurj. I've contributed some essays to Integral World and co-founded Open Integral blog, now defunct. I continue to participate in Integral Postmetaphysical Spirituality forum.
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